Faryab is known as the northern province of Afghanistan, sharing border with Turkmenistan.
Arab historians and Khurasani are of the opinion that province had different names in different times of period including Feiryab, Paryab and Baryab.
Faryab was part of Kurasan region during the 6th Islamic century and area had large territory including the nearby areas of Jawzjan, which contributed to its strategic and economic importance in the 4th century.
Maimana, the provincial capital of Faryab is situated 35-37 degrees northern latitude and 66- 64 degrees eastern longitude.
The province is located 815 kilometers to the north of the country’s capital, surrounded by Sar-i-Pul province to its east and southeast, Ghor to the south, Badghis to its west while to the north it shares border with Turkmenistan.
The renowned Layli plain is located alongside the vast border to the northeast of Jawzjan province.
The mountain range of Turkistan located in the south of Faryab from east towards west and then touches Herat province alongside Murghab River. Its mountains are at 3,000 meters above the sea level.
The Afghanistan political geography publication indicates as many as 61 individuals live in each two kilometers with the total number of population is estimated at around 700 million. The total area of the province is measured at 27,922 square kilometers.
However, some put the total strength of Faryab at around two million individuals. The province is said to be 844 meters above the sea level.
The province has different weathers as compared to rests of the provinces. Faryab receives huge rainfalls during spring season. Because of producing bumper crops, Faryab was widely known a warehouse of Afghanistan.
Having a hot weather comparatively, the temperature soars to 36 degree Celsius in the province where average rainfall is estimated at 700 millimeters annually,
The capital of Faryab is Maimana city. In old days, the city was known Yahodiah, Nisayah and Muhariqah.
Writers of Aryana cities said Maimana city was constructed by Jews for the first time on the directions of Bakht-ul-Nasar and the city was named as Maimana after it was conquered by Muslims.
The province has 14 districts including Pashtun Kot, Almar, Qaysar, Khawaja Sahib Posh, ShirinTagab, Dawlat Abad, Bilchiragh, Gorzaiwan and Kohistan.
The vast Andikhoi region covers few districts such as Qurghan, Qarmaqol and Khan Charbagh.
After redistricting and administrative divisions, the Ghormach district was ceded from Badghis province and integrated into Faryab province since last five years.
The Chalgazi, Bandar and Khawaja Musa districts are demographically formulated, however its formal recognition as separate district is yet to be approved by the central government.
Majority of population Faryab are Uzbek while Tajik, Pashtun, Hazara, Mugul and other ethnicities reside in the province.
Faryab has a total of 1,450 villages and 1, 140 national solidarity councils throughout the province.
The only water reservoir Sari Hous Dam provides people and large swathes of the province with drinking and irrigation water facilities. The Maimana city and Pashtun Kot districts get benefit from the lone water dam.
The construction of another dam in Almar district has been started since a year. Similarly, survey four dykes are already completed following $53 million funds extended by the ministry of water and power.
Farmers of several districts irrigate their fields with the help of stream and rivers water.
Known as culturally rich, Faryab produced prominent leading writers and poets such as Zahir-u-Din, Ghulam Mohammad Maymangi, Mohammad Yahia Nadir Qaisar, Junidullah Khaziq, Maulvi Abdul Ghani Ilmi, Nazar Mohammad Nawa, Munshi Ali Raza, Mohammad Rahim Shida and others.
While Abdul Ghafoor Poya Farabi, Asadullah Habib, General Mohammad Alam Razam, Mohammad Azam Dadfar, Dr. Sorya Dalil, Hasan Bano Gazanfar, Dr. Saboor Naryma and Abdullah Fojan are among the contemporary personalities.
During the last decade, numbers of education and cultural societies witnessed record surge such as Association of Pen and Arts, Gohar Shad Bigam Cultural Society, Institute of Scholars and Civil Societies, Civil Society Institute of Faryab, Eshang, Dostan, Jawanan-e-Mehan and Union of Journalist.
The services of Ghulam Mohammad Maymangi in the field of art and drawing are widely acknowledged. He was died in 1930 in Kabul
Similarly, Abdul Aziz, Mohammad KazimAmini, Mohammad Dawood Najafi, Ustad Mohammad Sadiq Hajar and other celebrities have remarkable achievements and contributions.
Among renowned local artists are the names of Ramzan Eshan, Mirza-e-Lang, Haidar, Sher Chocha, Abdul Ahad Sahar, Shabzah Gul, Rashidah Zhala and many more.
Hamrah Mastanah, Mohammad AminAndkhoi, Qutb-u-Din and Abdul Ahad Sham are among contemporary artist of the province.
After the fall of Taliban regime, professional ways of learning and teaching music kicked-off in several training institutes where boys and girls were started getting admission.
The first ever publication in Faryab started in 1943, with the same magazine was started publications with the name of Faryab Weekly.
After the Taliban regime, independent magazines such as Haqiqat, Korsh, Maymanah, Aydin, Azadgan and others started publication as well.
The Faryab Television has started broadcasts from 6:00 pm to 10:00 pm. The private sector Aryana and Aynah Televisions have also started transmissions.
Cable operators in the province provided the residents of Maimana city with an access to more than 60 local and foreign channels
In addition, radios such as Tamana, Qobash, Sihat and Maimana have started airing various programs.
The province is known for tombs and shrines of renowned personalities including leading religious saints and prophets such as the prophet Danyal, Imam Sahib, Hazrat-e-Ali, Ashab-e-Kaf and Loqman-e-Hakim.
The Curing Springs in Faryab has the affect of treating ill animals. Most of the farmers of the locality use to give a bath to their ill animas and ironically their animals get recovered.
Ruins of the city:
The ruins of Faryab province remind us the ways or living and ruling of various dynasties and kingdoms.
The Maisarah Hill and Poll of Sultan Sanjar belong to Jalal-u-Din Akbar, son of Sultan Mohammad Khuarzam Shah in Qaysar, the Sultan Sanjar dam where winter palace of Jalauddin Akbar is located and several other places.
Moreover, the tomb of Saif-ul-Maluk is located in middle of Maimana city who used to be the king of Yemen and Egypt during the time of Prophet Solomon.
In addition, the Saif-ul-Malok Mountain, his throne and pond are located in the Khaja Ghar district.
The province has a total of 504 schools out of which 121 are high while the rests are intermediate and primary schools. As many as 400,000 students with 180,000 of them are girls students get education from 7, 700 teachers.
Out of total school in Faryab province, at least 261 have proper infrastructure while construction of buildings for 32 schools are under way.
In addition, 29 Madrassas, Dar-ul-Fifaz, six technical and vocational institutes and eight teacher training institutes are functioning in the province.
The Faryab University is awarded the status of university back in 2012. It has the faculties of Education, Literature, Human Rights Studies, Economics, Agriculture and Law where 4,500 students with 40% of them are girls are enrolled in the university. As many as 82 teachers are teaching the students of the university.
The province is expanded at 32 acres, where the university campus is constructed at a cost of $3 million for which the financial assistance was extended by the National Defense Ministry.
Besides, the state-run university, two private sector universities each Darukhshan and Rishad and three high schools, the Aydin, Rishad, and Fatimah Al Zahra are providing education services to the people of the area.
The carpet is known as a backbone of Faryab industrial sector with 65% population of the province are associated with the occupation of carpets weaving. The Faryab carpets have an international reputation.
In addition, the weaving of common clothes, silk cloth, jackets, turbans, and designing of different kinds of cloth have considerably bolstered the handicraft sector of the province.
The Aqinah Transit Port is also situated in Andkoi district on the border with Turkmenistan where hundreds of transit vehicles transport goods to Turkmenistan, Turkey, Iran, UAE, and Europe countries.
The leather is being exported to foreign countries from the province. Shoes manufacturing industry has been functioning in the country.
Copper, gold, iron and metal industries were on the upward trend in the past but the continued spell of war in the country dealt a severe setback to the industry.
Faryab has warm weather where 70% people are associated with the occupation of agriculture.
Most of the locally produced crops are being consumed within the province.
The grapes of Faryab have its own specialty and taste.
The taste of Faryab melon are widely known and even liked abroad. Afghans living in Turkmenistan and Pakistan prefer to eat the melon and watermelon of Faryab.
Famous fruits of the province include fig, apple, peach, apricot, plum while walnuts, pistachio are the most producing dry fruit of the province.
Moreover, Faryab has suitable weather condition for the production of large scale wheat, corn, pea, bean, potatoes, cotton, sesame and tobacco.
Tomatoes, pumpkin, carrots, onions, garlic, pepper, red and various other kind of vegetables have been produced in the province abundantly.
Domestic animals in the province include sheep, goats, cow, camel, hors and mules.
Wild animals such as wolves, pig, fox, and jackal can be found in large number in the in the province.
Various kinds of birds can be found in Faryab such as duck, partridge, pigeon, eagle, hawk and others.
A large number of hunters come to hunt the birds at green hills of Faryab during the season.
The residents of Faryab make some delicious dishes. The popular foods of the province are Qabuli, Uzbeki, Landi, Manto, Manto Tandoori, Tika Kabab, Chopan Kabab and Sheer Mahi.
Among the locals, Buzkashi, wrestling, karate, taekwondo, football, volleyball are the games played and watched with great zeal and enthusiasm.
In addition, the cricket game has taken roots recently in the province.
As many as 1,200 individuals has the membership of Buzkashi, 1,000 football and 1, 000 karate. However, girls have no membership of any game.
Buzkashi is a traditional game in the province. It has leading players who are among the heroes of the province include Abdur Rahman, Kochi Pahlawan, Rais Mohammad Salih, Shamsh Pahlawan, Sofi Hakim and Abdullah Pahlawan.
The Buzkashi game is mainly played on occasion of national and local events in Maimana city.
Faryab is known as the northern province of Afghanistan, sharing border with Turkmenistan.