Son of Abdul Kabir Nuristani, Muhammad Tamim Nuristan is the grandson of Abdul Wakil Khan. He hails from Kantiwa, a locality in the central Nuristan and was born in 1957.
He completed his early education at his hometown while he received his secondary education in Kabul. He got his higher education in electrical from the United States.
He served as Jihadi commander in his home province in 1978. He was a member of Jamiat-i-Islami Party.