Situated in central zone of the country, Kabul province is the capital of Afghanistan and its provincial capital is Kabul city.
Kabul shares borders with Parwan in northwest, Kapisa in northeast, Laghman in east, Nangarhar in southeast, Logar in south and Maidan Wardak in southwest.
Kabul has a total 4,585 km² (1,723 sq mi) area with more than half (56. 3%) contains mountainous region.
Population of Kabul stood at 3, 950,300 as per information by the central statistics administration in 2012.
Kabul is situated at an elevation of about 1,800m (5,900 ft) above sea level, making it one of the highest capital cities in the world and is known as economic and cultural hubs of Afghanistan. 
Kabul is connected with Kandahar, Herat and Mazar through a circle road and is also connected to Peshawar, Pakistan through Kabul-Torkham highway.
There are historical monuments including mosques, shrines, and gardens in Kabul and the city has the credit of home to leading poets and culturists.
Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbeks, Turkmens, Baluch, Sikhs and Hindus live in Kabul city. Majority of the residents in Kabul are Sunni Muslims but a number of Shi'ites, Sikhs and Hindus also live side by side in the city.
Kabul has four known entrance including Darwasza-i-Safid, Darwaza-i-Lahori, Dawaza-i-Guzargah and Darwaza-i-Sardar Jan Khan. Kotal-i-Khair Khana and Arghandi also lead to Kabul city.
The city has 1,053 villages which are divided into 22 municipality and 14 administrative units such as Bagrami, Char Asiab, Deh sabz, Farza, Istalif , Kalakan , Mir Bacha Kot , Mussahi , Paghman, Qarabagh, Shakardara, Guldara, Sorubi and Khak-i-Jabar.
The climate within the peripheries of Kabul is considered to be arid and semi arid. Temperature in winter soars to -15 to -20 degrees Celsius (°C), while in summer it surges to +15 to +38°C. January is known the coldest month of the year when the average temperature reaches to -12°C, and the hottest month is July with the average temperature soars to 25°C. The maximum temperature has been recorded as +36.9°C in July and the minimum as -21.7°C in February.
The Kabul River starts from the Paghman mountainous region.
Income sources:
Agriculture, livestock, trade, civil services, industries are among the main sources of income of the citizen of the capital city. The main agriculture products include wheat, potato, barley and other grains. Wheat product is not sufficient for Kabul residents.
Natural disasters in Kabul include earthquakes, flooding and landslides.
Kabul has a total population of 3, 950, 300 (1391- CSO) with 78,593 families. About 17% of populations live in districts. Around 52% of Kabul population is recorded as male.
Kabul is known Afghanistan's center of education. Despite of continued fighting, the education sector has been affected to great extent but still there are 437 schools in the city with 225 of them primary, 78 secondary and 125 high schools.
As many as 24 schools are under construction in Kabul but still 235 others do not have proper buildings. Thousands of students from 170 schools get education under tents while students of 23 schools get education in rental houses.
A total of 253, 772 students study in various educational institutions in Kabul city with 86,555 of them are girls’ students. Around 5,299 teachers impart education to the students with 1, 629 of them are female teachers.
As many as 31 public and 80 private universities are functioning in Kabul while 150,000 students are enrolled in higher education in public and 100,000 others in private institutions. Around 25 % of the students are girls.
Infrastructure and natural resources:
In addition, around 90 % of Kabul population has access to electricity with only 60 % of the city’s roads are asphalted.
Agriculture and rural rehabilitation:
Kabul is known as an agricultural province with 90 % of its population’s income is associated with agriculture and livestock. Its agriculture products include wheat, barley, corns, onions, potatoes with fruits such as grapes, apple, apricots and cherry. Its fruits are exported to other provinces as well.
The livestock in Kabul is estimated at around one million. There are 125, 563 hectares of agriculture land in Kabul and the number of farmers is said to be around 60,000. Agriculture product of Kabul is estimated at around 72 % fruit, 17 % grains, 10 % vegetable and one % other crops.  
As compared to other provinces, more media outlets have appeared in Kabul such as news agencies, television channels, radios, weeklies, dailies, biweeklies, monthlies and magazines.
Currently, Kabul has around 30 television channels, 34 radio channels, 14 dailies, 37 weeklies, four biweeklies, four monthlies, four magazines and eight news agencies.
According to the ministry of communication and technology, around 34 television channels are functioning in Kabul, 52 television channels are operating in rest of the provinces and 61 radios in Kabul and 156 radios are functioning in provinces.
Kabul background:
Kabul’s fluctuating troubled political situation has stunned politicians around the globe. For long, Kabul has been a center of conflicts and wars with a troubled political history. Kabul is surrounded by a wall from all around and the ruins of the walls are still visible. It is known as an ancient city and witnessed many incidents during its long and anxious history.